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365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(3)

365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(3)

 

  31. Hemingway Code Hero(海明威式英雄)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Hemingway Code Hero, also called code hero, is one who, wounded but strong more sensitive, enjoys the pleasures of life (sex, alcohol, sport) in face of ruin and death, and maintains, through some notion of a code, an ideal of himself.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2> barnes in the sun also Rises, Henry in a Farewell to arms and Santiago in the old man and the sea are typical of Hemingway Code Hero yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  32. Impressionism(印象主義)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Impressionism is a style of painting that gives the impression made by the subject on the artist without much attention to details. Writers accepted the same conviction that the personal attitudes and moods of the writer were legitimate elements in depicting character or setting or action.2>briefly, it is a style of literature characterized by the creation of general impressions and moods rather that realistic mood.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  33. Postmodernism(后現代主義)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  It is a disputed term that has occupied much recent debate about contemporary culture since the early 1980s. in its simplest and least satisfactory sense it refers generally to the phase of 20th century western culture that succeeded the reign of hign modernism, thus indicating the products of the “space age” after some time in the 1950s. More often, though it is applied to a cultural condition prevailing in the advanced capitalist societies since the 1960s, characterized by a superabundance of disconnected images and styles. In this sense, post modernity is said to be a culture of fragmentary sensations, eclectic nostalgia, disposable simulacra, and promiscuous superficiality, in which the traditionally valued qualities of depth, coherence, meaning originality and authenticity are evacuated or dissolved amid the random swirl of empty signals.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  這個具有爭議的名字概念是從20世紀80年代早期開始應用于近幾十年的現代文化領域。最簡單也最難說服人的說法是后現代主義是20世紀西方文明繼高度現代主義之后的一個階段。后現代主義是50年代太空時代的產物。通常它被用來解釋自60年代起先進資本主義社會主要的社會文化現象。從這個意義上說。后現代主義被認為是片斷構建的編織。折衷的懷舊主義,濫用的仿物以及混雜的淺浮,而傳統所強調的深度。連貫。意義的原創性,真實性都在空洞信號的隨意泛濫中消失瓦解。yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  34. Confessional poetry(自白派詩歌)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  It is an autobiographical mode of verse that reveals the poet‘s personal problems with unusual frankness. The term is usually applied to certain poets of the United states from the late 1950s to the late 1960s, notably Robert Lowell. The term’s distinctive sense depends on the candid examination of what were at the time of writing virtually unmentionable kinds of private distress. The genuine strengths of confessional poets, combined with the pity evoked by their high suicide rate, encouraged in the reading public a romantic confusion between poetic excellence and inner torment.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  自白詩歌是一種自傳體詩歌。詩歌主要用不尋常的坦白展示詩人的個人內心問題。自白詩歌是指50年代后期到60年代后期出現的詩人。特別是羅伯特。洛厄爾。此概念有時在廣義上指任何個人或自傳的詩歌,但自白詩歌最明顯的特征,是坦誠揭露寫作時的所思所想,個人心里憂傷的流露。自白派詩人杰出的文學才華和他們由于痛苦而引起的高自殺率,以及詩歌中處處流露著痛苦,迷茫,悲觀,隱晦的氣氛,讓讀者們閱讀時產生一種詩歌精妙和內心痛苦的迷茫感。yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  35. The New York School(紐約派)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  The New York School was an informal group of American poets and painters active in 1950s New York City, critics argued that their work was a reaction to the confessional‘s movement in contemporary poetry. Their poetic subject matter was often light, violent, or observational, while their writing style was often described as cosmopolitan and world-traveled. the poets often drew inspiration from surrealism and the contemporary avant-garde art movement, in particular the action painting of their friends in the New York City art circle.there are also commonalities between the New York School and the earlier Beat Generation poets active in 1940s and 1950s New York City.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  紐約派詩人是50年代活躍在紐約的美國詩人和畫家的非正式群體。評論家認為他們是對同時代自白派詩歌運動的反抗。他們作品的主題通常輕快,激烈或者觀察入微。他們的寫作風格是全球性的。他們接受了超現實主義和先鋒藝術運動,特別是紐約畫界的朋友的影響創作詩。他們與40,50年代紐約的垮掉一代詩人有一定共同點。yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  36. The Absurd (荒謬派)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  It is a term derived from the existentialism of Albert Camus, and often applied to the modern sense of human purposelessness in a universe without meaning or value. Many 20th century writers of prose fiction have stressed the absurd nature of human existence: notable instances are the novels and stories of Franz Kafka, in which the characters face alarmingly incomprehensible predicaments.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  37. The Black Mountain Poets(黑山派詩人)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  The Black Mountain Poets refer to a group of poets active on the contemporary scene, as these people were either associated with Black Mountain college, or with Black Mountain Review, they have become known as “The Black Mountain Poets”2> the leading figure of this school of poetry was Charles Olson.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  38. Realism(現實主義)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Realism was a loosely used term meaning truth to the observed facts of life (especially when they are gloomy)。 Realism in literature is an approach that attempts to describe life without idealization or romantic subjectivity.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  39. Allegory(寓言)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Allegory is a story told to explain or teach something. Especially a long and complicated story with an underlying meaning different from the surface meaning of the story itself.2>allegorical novels use extended metaphors to convey moral meanings or attack certain social evils. characters in these novels often stand for different values such as virtue and vice.3>Bunyan‘s Pilgrim’s Progress, Melville‘s Moby Dick are such examples.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  40. Alliteration(頭韻)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Alliteration means a repetition of the initial sounds of several words in a line or group.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>alliteration is a traditional poetic device in English literature.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3>Robert Frost‘s Acquainted with the Night is a case in point:“ I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet”yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  41. Ballad(民謠)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Ballad is a story in poetic from to be sung or recited. in more exact literary terminology, a ballad is a narrative poem consisting of quatrains of iambic tetrameter alternating with iambic trimester.(抑揚格四音步與抑揚格三音步詩行交替出現的四行敘事詩)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>.ballads were passed down from generation to generation. 3>Coleridge‘s The Rime of the Ancient Mariner is a 19th century English ballad.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  42. epic(史詩)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Epic, in poetry, refers to a long work dealing with the actions of goods and heroes.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>Epic poems are not merely entertaining stories of legendary or historical heroes; they summarize and express the nature or ideals of an entire nation at a significant or crucial period of its history.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3>Beowulf is the greatest national Epic of  the Anglo-Saxons.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  43. Lay(短敘事詩)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  It is a short poem, usually a romantic narrative, intended to be sung or recited by a minstrel.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  44. Romance(傳奇)  yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Romance is a popular literary form in the medic England.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>it sings knightly adventures or other heroic deeds.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3> chivalry is the spirit of the romance.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  45. Alexandrine(亞歷山大詩行)yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  The name is derived from the fact that certain 12th and 13th century French poems on Alexander the Great were written in this meter.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>it is an iambic line of six feet, which is the French heroic verse.yqV365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

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365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(3)

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