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365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(4)

365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(4)

 

  46. Blank Verse(無韻詩)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Blank verse is unrhymed poetry. Typically in iambic pentameter, and as such, the dominant verse forms of English dramatic and narrative poetry since the mid-16th century.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  47. Comedy(喜劇)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Comedy is a light form of drama that aims primarily to amuse and that ends happily. Since it strives to provoke smile and laughter, both wit and humor are utilized. In general, the comic effect arises from recognition of some incongruity of speech, action, or character revelation, with intricate plot.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  48. Essay(隨筆)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  The term refers to literary composition devoted to the presentation of the writer‘s own ideas on a topic and generally addressing a particular aspect of the subject. Often brief in scope and informal in style, the essay differs from such fomal forms as the thesis, dissertation or treatise.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  49. Euphuistic style(綺麗體)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Its principle characteristics are the excessive use of antithesis, which is pursued regardless of sense, and emphasized by alliteration and other devices; and of allusions to historical and mythological personages and to natural history drawn from such writers as Plutarch(普盧塔克), Pliny(普林尼), and Erasmus(伊拉茲馬斯)。2> it is the peculiar style of Euphues(優浮綺斯)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  50. History Plays(歷史劇)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  History plays aim to present some historical age or character, and may be either a comedy or a tragedy. They almost tell stories about the nobles, the true people in history, but not ordinary people. the principle idea of Shakespeare‘s history plays is the necessity for national unity under a mighty and just sovereign.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  51. Masques or Masks(假面劇)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Masques (or Masks) refer to the dramatic entertainments involving dances and disguises, in which the spectacular and musical elements predominated over plot and character. As they were usually performed at court, often at very great expense, many have political overtones.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  52. Morality plays(道德劇)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  A kind of medic and early Renaissance drama that presents the conflict between the good and evil through allegorical characters. The characters tend to be personified abstractions of vices and virtues, which can be named as Mercy. Conscience, etc. unlike a mystery or a miracle play, morality play does not necessarily use Biblical or strictly religious material because it takes place internally and psychologically in every human being.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  53.Sonnet(十四行詩)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  It is a lyric poem of 14 lines with a formal or recited and characterized by its presentation of a dramatic or exciting episode in simple narrative form.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>it is one of the most conventional and influential forms of poetry in Europe.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3>Shakespeare‘s sonnets are well-known.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  54. Spenserian Stanza(斯賓塞詩節)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Spenserian Stanza is the creation of Edmund spenser.2>it refers to a stanza of nine lines, with the first eight lines in iambic pentameter(五音步抑揚格) and the last line in iambic hexameter(六音步抑揚格),rhyming ababbcbcc. 3> Spenser‘s the Faerie Queen was written in this kind of stanza.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  55. Stanza(詩節)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Stanza is a group of lines of poetry, usually four or more, arranged according to a fixed plan.2>the stanza is the unit of structure in a poem and poets do not vary the unit within a poem.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  56. Three Unities(三一原則)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Three rules of 16th and 17th century Italian and French drama, broadly adapted from Aristotle‘s Poetics<詩學>:GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2> the unity of time, which limits a play to a single day; the unity of place, which limits a play‘s setting in a single location; and the unity of action, which limits a play to a single story line.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  57. Tragedy(悲劇) GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  In general, a literary work in which the protagonist meets an unhappy or disastrous end. Unlike comedy, tragedy depicts the actions of a central character who is usually dignified or heroic.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  58.Conceit(奇特比喻)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Conceit is a far-fetched simile or metaphor, a literary conceit occurs when the speaker compares two highly dissimilar things.2>conceit is extensively employed in John Donne‘s poetry.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  59.Metar(格律)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  The word“meter” is derived from the Greek word“metron” meaning“measure”。GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>in English when applied to poetry, it refers to the regular pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables.GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3> the analysis of the meter is called scansion(格律分析)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  60. University Wits(大學才子)GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  University Wits refer to a group of scholars during the Elizabethan Age who graduated from either oxford or Cambridge. They came to London with the ambition to become professional writers. Some of them later became famous poets and playwrights. They were called“ University Wits”GQS365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

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365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(4)

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