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365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(6)

365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(6)

 

  76. Farce(鬧劇)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Farce refers to a play full of ridiculous happenings, absurd actions, and unreal situations, meant to be very funny.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  77. The Heroic Couplet(英雄對偶句)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  The Heroic Couplet means a pair of lines of a type once common in English poetry, in other words, it means iambic pentameter rhymed in two lines.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  78. Satire(諷刺)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Satire means a kind of writing that holds up to ridicule or contempt the weakness and wrongdoings of individuals, groups, institutions, or humanity in general.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2> the aim of satirists is to set a moral standard for society, and they attempt to persuade the reader to see their point of view through the force of laughter.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3> Swift‘s Gulliver’s Travels is a great satire of the English society from different aspects.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  79. Sentimentalism(感傷主義文學)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Sentimentalism is a pejorative term to describe false or superficial emotion, assumed feeling, self-regarding postures of grief and pain,2> in literature it denotes overmuch use of pathetic effects and attempts to arouse feeling by “pathetic” indulgence.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  80. Aside(旁白)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Aside refers to words spoken by an actor which the other actors are supposed no to hear,2> an actor‘s asides are usually spoken to the audience.3>Hamlet’s very first line is an aside.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  81.Denouement(戲劇結局)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Denouement, pronounced Dee-noo-na, is that part of a drama which follows the climax and leads to the resolution.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  82.parable(寓言)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  A parable is a very short narrative about human beings presented so as to stress the tacit analogy, or parallel, with a general thesis or lesson that the narrator is trying to bring home to his audience.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  83. Genre(流派)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  A type or category of literature marked by certain shared features or customs. The three broadest categories of genre include poetry, drama, and fiction.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  84. Irony(反諷)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  It refers to some contrast or discrepancy between appearance and reality. It is a discrepancy between what is expected and what is revealed. It may be found either in language usage or in the working out of the action of a story.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2> surprise endings always depend on some sort of irony, often crude. Irony may appear in the difference between a character‘s understanding of his or her situation and the reader’s estimate of it .kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  85. Lyric(抒情詩)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Lyric is a short poem wherein the poet expresses an emotion or illustrates some life principle.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>Lyric often concerns love.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  3>the elegy, ode and sonnet are all forms of the lyric.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  86. Mock Epic(詼諧史詩)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  A mock epic is a long poem that burlesques the classical epic by treating a trivial subject in the lofty style. The poet often takes an elevated style of language, but incongruously applies that language to mundane or ridiculous objects and situations. Alexander Pope‘s The Rape of the Lock is perhaps the finest mock epic poem in English.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  87. Ode(頌歌)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Ode is a dignified and elaborately structured lyric poem of some length, praising and glorifying an individual, commemorating an event, or describing nature intellectually rather than emotionally.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2> John Keats wrote great Odes, his Ode on a Grecian Urn is a case in point.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  88. Picaresque Novel(流浪漢小說)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  A humorous novel in which the plot consists of a young knave‘s adventures and escapades narrated in comic or satiric scenes. The picaresque novel is usually in nature and realistic in its presentation of the all around aspects of society.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  89. Pastoral(田園詩) kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  A literary work dealing with and often celebrating a rural world and a way of life lived close to nature. It usually idealized shepherds‘ lives in order to create an image of peaceful and uncorrupted existence. Typically, pastoral liturgy depicts beautiful scenery, carefree shepherds, seductive nymphs, and rural songs and dances. A good example of pastoral poetic conventions occurs in Marlowe’s The Passionate Shepherd to His Love.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  90.Terza Rima(三行詩)kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  Terza Rima is an Italian verse that consists of a series three-line stanzas in which the middle line of each stanza rhymes with the first and third lines of the following stanza with the rhyming scheme a b a, b c b , c d c, d e d…。kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

  2>Shelly‘s Ode to the west wind is a case in point.kxv365投注平台_365bet官网本科_365bet官网報名_首頁

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365体育备用网址“英美文學選讀”名詞解釋(6)

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